Rebecca Gratz medal designed by Gerta Ries Wiener, struck by Metal Arts in quantities of
330 bronze, 45 pewter, 110 pure silver and 20 10kt gold. Obverse: Portrait, R Gratz (signature),
Gerta Wiener. Reverse: Rebecca Gratz 1781-1869, “WERE VIRTUE AND RELIGION DEAD,

Bernard Gratz (1738-1801) emigrated to America from Poland, via England, in 1754.  Along with other merchants, he signed Non-Importation Agreements to boycott British goods during the Stamp Act and Townshend Act crises prior to the Revolution.  The Gratz family wholeheartedly supported the American patriots, and supplied goods to the Continental Army.  Bernard and his younger brother, Michael, helped found one of the first synagogues in America, which in 1773 evolved into Philadelphia’s Congregation Mikveh Israel. 

After the War, the Gratzes became involved in a successful struggle for equal rights in Pennsylvania.  Michael’s son Hyman founded Gratz College, but it was his daughter who is the “jewel of the Gratz dynasty.”

Rebecca Gratz achieved literary immortality when, after hearing of her charm, beauty and goodness, Sir Walter Scott introduced a Jewish female character into the work that was then in progress.  He even named the heroine (of Ivanhoe) “Rebecca.”

While she never married, Rebecca Gratz made a home for her unmarried brothers, and reared the nine orphaned children of her sister Rachel Moses.  In her twenty-first year, she became secretary for the Female Association for the Relief of Women and Children in Reduced Circumstances, and in 1815 Rebecca was a founder of the Philadelphia Orphan Society.  But, perhaps her most significant accomplishment was the founding of the Hebrew Sunday School Society, the first of its kind in America, and the model for all Jewish education in America.

After her death in 1869, at the age of 88, Rebecca Gratz was mourned as one of the foremost women in America. Rabbi David Philipson wrote in the introduction to the Letters of Rebecca Gratz:  “She is not unworthy of having applied to her the exquisite words used of a rare woman by George Elliot, that ‘were all virtue and religion dead, she’d make them newly, being what she was.’” And those are the words inscribed on the reverse of the Rebecca Gratz medal.

Portrait of Rebecca Gratz by Thomas Sully, 1831. The Rosenbach of the Free Library of Philadelphia

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