Brandeis, Louis D.
Lehman, Herbert H.
Levy, Uriah P.
Magnes, Judah L.
Santangel, Luis de
Seixas, Gershom M.
Singer, Isaac B.
Straus, Isidor & Ida
Torres, Luis de
by Gerta Ries Wiener (1990), Bela Schick, Developed Schick
Test for Diphtheria.
Béla Schick (1877-1967)
Schick quoted the Talmud: "The world is kept alive by the breath
of children," to help persuade his father to allow him to pursue
continued education in pediatrics, rather than to join the family
grain merchant business in Graz, Austria. Schick became assistant
at the Children's Clinic in Vienna, and later associate professor
of pediatrics at Vienna University.
to the United States, and in 1923 became pediatrician-in-chief
at New York's Mount Sinai Hospital. He later (1936) was appointed
clinical professor of pediatrics at Columbia University. Schick
made important studies on scarlet fever, tuberculosis, and the
nutrition for infants ... but gained international renown for
the Schick Test. This test determined susceptibility to diphtheria,
and eventually led to the eradication of the childhood disease
that attacked 100,000 Americans in 1927, leading to about 10,000
five-year campaign, coordinated by Dr. Schick, virtually eliminated
the dreaded disease that had taken countless young lives since
it was first mentioned in the sixth century writings of Aetius.
As a part of the campaign, 85 million pieces of literature were
distributed by Metropolitan Life Co. with an appeal to parents
to "Save your child from diphtheria." These illustrated brochures
(reproduced here) were created by a talented young artist who
had recently emigrated from Germany - Gerta Ries. Remarkably,
this same Gerta Ries (Wiener) was commissioned over 75 years later
to create the sculptured tribute to Dr. Béla Schick for the Jewish-American
Hall of Fame.
Here to Take Béla Schick Quiz
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